ValueAnalyzer is a tool for static analysis of register and memory contents.
It is particularly useful for:
- verifying the absence of illegal accesses to an embedded software system
from within third-party modules provided as object code
- initialization analysis for execution-time or stack-usage analyses,
to improve precision and minimize manual annotations
Verifying the absence of illegal accesses
When developing complex safety-critical software systems,
it is not uncommon to integrate third-party object code in it.
However, it is usually difficult to verify that such code only does
what you want it to do:
- it might read variables it must not read
- it might write variables it must not write
- it might call functions it must not call
Common reasons for such illegal accesses to your system by third-party code are:
- programming errors (e.g., an iterator exceeds an array limit)
- non-compliance with specifications
- compiler or linker errors
Illegal accesses may cause problems in the field. Additionally, license
or liability issues can arise.
ValueAnalyzer provides the solution to these problems. It statically analyzes
object code and reports any violation of your spec.
A common principle in embedded control software is that global data structures like
(function) pointer variables are initialized in separate code sections. Consequently,
when a task or runnable is analyzed for its worst-case timing or
stack usage, these initializations are unknown.
This usually leads to a less precise analysis with more manual annotations.
With ValueAnalyzer you can automatically collect initialization data for global variables
and feed it as auto-generated annotations to a WCET, stack-usage, or yet
another value analysis.
Dead code elimination
Modern development standards such as DO-178B require unreachable code
to be eliminated. Since the required testing effort is high, it is desirable
to remove unreachable code as early as possible.
ValueAnalyzer automatically identifies code that is provably unreachable
during any program execution.
- Interactive exploration of value analysis results:
contents of registers and memory cells are shown before/after instruction
execution per context.
- Comprehensive reports on:
- all memory accesses per function
- all calls to user-selected functions
- all accesses to user-selected memory areas
- register and memory contents at the entry/exit of selected functions
- Validation of static user-defined assertions, such as:
- assertions that a user-selected instruction or function does (not) access a user-selected
- global assertions on user-selected memory areas (is read-only,
is write-only, is inaccessible…)
- Detection of unreachable code. Code reported as unreachable
is guaranteed to be unreachable for all possible inputs and each program
execution under any circumstances.
Seamless integration with StackAnalyzer,
aiT WCET Analyzer, and/or
in a single intuitive user interface.
- Plugin for Jenkins, the leading open-source automation server.
- The analysis is fully automatic and valid for all inputs.
No input patterns need to be provided.
- The analysis is conservative, i.e. the results are safe.
All illegal accesses that are present will also be reported.
- Supplied third-party software can be analyzed right away.
It does not have to be integrated on the ECU.
- No debug information is required. The results are not affected by
possible bugs in the debug output.
Supported processors and compilers
ValueAnalyzer is available as an add-on to aiT,
TimingProfiler, for all
processor–compiler combinations supported by these tools.
Request your free trial package today.